Published on February 16th, 2014 | by Zach56
Electric Cars 2016 — Prices, Efficiency, Range, Pics, More
Wondering what electric cars are on the market or soon will be? Wonder no more. I’m going to run down all of them in the article below. I will also add a few key details and commentary for each one (including prices, efficiency, range, and # of seats when such information is available).
Furthermore, I’m doing something I don’t think I’ve seen anywhere else — I’m listing all of the electric cars that are available in the US and all of the electric cars that are available in Europe. In the case of electric cars only available in Europe, I’ve tried to find the prices in euros in key markets, in British pounds, and sometimes in other popular markets (like Norway).
The cars are listed from most affordable to most expensive — before the US federal tax credit for EVs. Note that 100% electrics come with higher tax credits, so can end up being cheaper than plug-in hybrids. Also, tax credits are greater for plug-in hybrids with bigger batteries, so even within that category cars can swap places after calculating the tax credit. (Also don’t forget that many other countries, US states, and even some cities and regions offer EV incentives of their own, some of which apply to all of the cars below, and some of which only apply to 100% electrics.)
|Combined Fuel Economy||# of Seats|
|Range on Electricity||Type of EV|
|Price (& Price after US Federal Tax Credit)||Available Regions|
|50 miles (80 km)||100% electric|
|€7,240 (France) / £6,895||Europe & sometimes US (on eBay)|
The Renault Twizy is a cute and fun little two-seater that comes in at a super affordable price. With just two seats, it’s clearly not a “family car,” but it is a ton of fun to drive and very adequate for most driving needs. Despite (or because of) its small size, the Twizy was the 10th-best-selling electric car in Europe and 15th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013. It’s really a blast to drive. I’d recommend it. Read my full Twizy review here.
|250 kilometers (155 miles) — European (warped) testing||100% electric|
|€12,000 + €80/mo battery (France)||Europe|
The Bolloré Bluecar is a low-price, simple electric car produced and only available in France. It is used in the Autolib’ carsharing program in Paris, but is also available to retail customers. It was the 16th-best-selling electric car in Europe in 2013. It’s not going to thrill most people, but it will get you from A to B.
|112 MPGe||4 seats|
|62 miles (100 km)||100% electric|
The Mitsubishi i (aka Mitsubishi i-MiEV) is one of the most basic electric cars on the market, but also one of the cheapest. As noted below, the Citröen C-Zero, Peugeot iOn, and Mitsubishi i all have essentially the same design but serve different markets.
Smart Electric Drive
|107 MPGe||2 seats|
|68 miles (109 km)||100% electric|
|$25,000, or $19,990 + $80/month battery rental ($17,500, or $12,490 + $80/month)||US & Europe|
The smart electric drive could be the cheapest electric car on the US market… if you don’t own or lease it for very long. However, due to an $80/month battery rental, the price rises to about the same as a 2014 Mitsubishi i within 3 years (note that the Mitsubishi i seats 4, while the smart electric drive seats two). Within about 6 years, the smart electric drive is about the same price as a 5-seat and much more plush Nissan Leaf. In my personal opinion, the smart electric drive is a hard sell — unless you really want a tiny car or only want it for 2 to 3 years. Read my review of the smart electric drive here or the review of an owner who sold his Camaro for the smart electric drive here.
|169 MPGe||5 seats|
|210 kilometers (130 miles) — European (warped) testing||100% electric|
|€21,900 (France) / £13,445||Europe|
If I were on the market for a car, the Renault Zoe would certainly be in the running. It’s a good-looking, 100%-electric, super-affordable car with great reviews. It’s about the same price in France, its home country, as the Nissan Leaf is in the US, and just a little more than the base Leaf costs in France (€18,090). Basically, the choice comes down to personal preferences.
Only behind the Leaf, the Zoe was the 2nd-best-selling electric car in Europe in 2013. Despite only being available in Europe, it was the 6th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013 — the highest-ranking car to be available on only one continent. Read my full review of the Renault Zoe here.
Chevy Spark EV
|119 MPGe||4 seats|
|82 miles (132 km)||100% electric|
The Chevy Spark EV is a low-priced 100%-electric car that has gotten good reviews (compared to its gasoline cousin, that is) but is only available in a few markets. The Chevy Spark EV was the first car on the market that could use the SAE Combo Fast Charging system.
|116 MPGe||5 seats|
|83 miles (134 km)||100% electric|
|$28,995 ($21,495) / €34,900 (Germany)||US & Europe|
The Volkswagen e-Golf is VW’s second electric car, following close behind the VW e-Up! Clearly, it’s an electric version of VW’s extremely popular Golf model. The e-Golf is one of the closest competitors to the world-leading Nissan LEAF, so it could potentially see very big sales numbers. However, its significantly higher price is certainly keeping sales down a lot, so VW will have to change that if it actually wants to sell this car.
|114 MPGe||5 seats|
|84 miles (135 km)||100% electric|
The Nissan Leaf is seemingly the most competitive electric car on the market. It is the world’s best-selling electric car, and sales have only been increasing (thanks to falling prices and word of mouth). After test driving several EVs myself, I have to say that it would be hard to beat the Nissan Leaf for the money… unless you have enough money to dump on a higher-end EV, like the Tesla Model S, Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric, or BMW i3. Read my full Nissan Leaf review here.
Ford Focus Electric
|105 MPGe||5 seats|
|76 miles (122 km)||100% electric|
The Ford Focus Electric is Ford’s only 100%-electric car has long been overpriced and simply unable to compete with competitors like the Nissan Leaf. It has long been priced considerably higher than the Nissan Leaf — which is also more widely available — but Ford finally knocked the price down by several thousand dollars in recent months… but with very little broadcasting of the price drop. Needless to say, it still isn’t selling nearly as well as the Leaf.
Toyota Prius PHEV
|95 MPGe on battery; 50 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|11 miles (18 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
The Toyota Prius Plug-in was either the 2nd- or 3rd-best-selling electric car worldwide in 2013. Unfortunately, its electric range is just 11 miles, then the gas engine kicks in. The Prius PHEV is most likely aided by the strong, high-selling Prius brand. It mainly competes with the Chevy Volt, Ford C-Max Energi, and Ford Fusion Energi, but it really doesn’t seem to fare well against them these days. Either due to the increasing competition, people simply deciding they want more electric range, or Toyota cutting supply, sales of the Prius Plug-in fell off a lot toward the end of 2014.
Ford C-Max Energi
|100 MPGe on battery; 43 MPG on gas||5 seats|
|21 miles (34 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
One of two cars in Ford’s Energi (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle) lineup, the Ford C-Max Energi has quite good specs for someone who doesn’t drive very far on most days but wants to take very long trips fairly regularly. It’s also good for larger families, as it seats up to 5 people. Despite seating 5, it is cheaper than the Chevy Volt… until you factor in the federal tax credit. The C-Max Energi is also the most efficient plug-in hybrid electric car on the market. As a result of all of this, the car has sold quite well. Despite only being available in the US, the C-Max Energi was the 8th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013.
|116 MPGe||4 seats|
|87 miles (140 km)||100% electric|
The Fiat 500e has gotten great reviews. However, the head of Fiat apparently hates electric cars (I know, crazy) and is only producing the 500e in extremely limited quantities for a couple of states (basically, because it has to in order to sell cars in California). Hopefully the cute electric car will someday soon be available to a broader market. With its relatively low price, good reviews, and cool styling, it could give some of the top-selling electric cars on the market a run for their market. Read my full review of the Fiat 500e.
|130 kilometers (81 miles) — European (warped) testing||100% electric|
|€26,900 (Germany) / £24,795 (£19,795)||Europe|
The VW e-up! is an affordable, rather simple electric car but also has some unique braking flexibility and is an adequately comfortable and modern car. I prefer the Leaf, but I think plenty of people might prefer the e-Up!… especially if they are VW fans or want more control over their regenerative braking options. Read my full VW e-Up! review here.
Kia Soul EV
|105 MPGe||5 seats|
|93 miles (150 km)||100% electric|
|$31,950 ($24,450)||US & Korea|
The Kia Soul EV is a snazzy electric vehicle with a bit more space on the inside than the average car, and a clear youngster appeal. The Kia Soul EV has sold okay in the markets where it’s available, but it isn’t broadly available, and its overall sales in the US are pretty sad. You can check out our review of the Kia Soul EV here.
Ford Fusion Energi
|100 MPGe||5 seats|
|21 miles (34 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
Quite similar to the Ford C-Max Energi but with a few more bells & whistles, the Ford Fusion Energi has done quite well since its introduction in February 2013. The Ford Fusion Energi certainly offers some competition to the Chevy Volt, the Toyota Prius Plug-in, and its sister, the C-Max Energi. Importantly, for some people, it is larger than all three of these competitors. It has a bit less electric range than the Volt, but it has enough seats for five passengers. (It has much more electric range than the Prius, and the same as the C-Max Energi — both of which seat 5.) And it is quite the looker.
|106 MPGe (battery); 43 MPG (gas)||5 seats|
|38 miles (61 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$33,220 ($25,720)||US & Canada|
The Chevy Volt is one of the most widely acclaimed electric cars on the market. It is the top-selling electric car in the US to date. In 2013, it was the 2nd-best-selling electric car in the world. Volt owners are known as Voltheads and were “the happiest drivers” in the US for two years running… before the Tesla Model S arrived (as per Consumer Reports owner satisfaction surveys). Check out my comparison review of the Chevy Volt, Nissan LEAF, and BMW i3.
|150 kilometers (93 miles) — European (warped) testing||100% electric|
|€29,600 (France) / £21,216 / 177,800 NOK||Europe|
The Peugeot iOn is essentially the same as the Citröen C-Zero (below) and Mitsubishi i (above). Actually, doing a Google search for the Peugeot iOn’s price in the US, Google shows me the Mitsubishi i and its price. (Smart, Google is.) With sales a little below its twin, the Citröen C-Zero, and the Bolloré Bluecar, the Peugeot iOn was the 17th-best-selling electric car in Europe in 2013.
|150 kilometers (93 miles) — European (warped) testing||100% electric|
|€29,600 (France) / £21,216 / 233,900 NOK||Europe|
The Citröen C-Zero is produced in France but it was developed in collaboration with Mitsubishi Motors Corporation. Again it is a twin of the Peugeot iOn and Mitsubishi i, basically just with a different brand attached. For whatever reason, I am not a fan of the Citröen logo and much prefer the Peugeot iOn. But really, it’s the same damn car!
Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid
|99 MPGe||5 seats|
|27 miles (43 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$34,600 ($29,681)||9–9.5 seconds|
The Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid is a fairly large and luxurious plug-in hybrids with moderate electric range. Clearly, it’s a bit higher in price than competing Ford Energi models and the Chevy Volt, but it’s a bit lower in price than the Mercedes B250e and BMW i3. You can see our full review of the new-in-2016 Hyundai Sonata Plug-In Hybrid here.
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV
|30 miles (48 km) — European (warped) testing||Plug-in Hybrid|
|€33,050 (Netherlands) / 440,800 NOK||Europe, Japan, & soon US|
The Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-in is a hot plug-in hybrid electric SUV/crossover that has been selling very well in its home country of Japan and initial European markets. It was initially supposed to make it to the US market in 2013, but due to manufacturing delays, the target is now 2015. Despite just hitting the market in the second half of 2013, the Outlander PHEV was the 5th-best-selling electric car in the world in 2013. Furthermore, it arrived in Europe at the end of the year, and it ranked #3 there, only behind the Nissan Leaf & Renault Zoe. In 2014, the Outlander PHEV was the top-selling EV in Europe. See my full Outlander Plug-In Hybrid review here.
In the Netherlands, where Outlander PHEVs sells extremely well, prices range from €33,050 ($45,300) to €42,967 ($58,900) before VAT. In Norway, they range from 440,800 kroners ($72,600) to 465,800 kroners ($76,700). In its home country of Japan, the Outlander PHEV starts at 3,397,500 yen ($33,350) and goes up to 4,370,500 yen ($42,900) — 5 different options are available there. Clearly, there’s a ton of variation in price.
VW Golf GTE
|31 miles (50 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
The Volkswagen Golf GTE is a sporty plug-in electric car, that obviously comes with a price hike over VW’s other two offerings. The Golf GTE can go from 0 to 100 km/h in 4.9 seconds on electricity or 7.6 seconds on gas, and the car has 210 horsepower. The Golf GTE’s top speed is 222 km/h. The European testing system gives the Golf GTE an average fuel economy of 175 mpg (74 km/l). The Golf GTE’s engine, electric motor, and transmission are actually the same as in the Audi A3 e-tron.
Audi A3 e-Tron
|17 miles (27 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$29,990 ($27,490)||US & Europe|
The Audi A3 e-Tron is another plug-in hybrid electric car with a bit of a sporty offering. The electric-only range is not spectacular, but is at least better than the Toyota Prius Plug-in! It can go from 0 to 60 mph in a respectable 7.5 seconds. It has also landed a difficult 5 stars in Europe’s safety ratings. The A3 e-tron has a tough time competing with the Chevy Volt and Ford Energi models on value for the money, but some clearly prefer the e-Tron’s looks and the Audi brand. As expected, the A3 e-tron is not widely available, which provides it with the “compliance car” label. You can read my review of the A3 e-tron here.
Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric
|84 MPGe||5 seats|
|84 miles (135 km)||100% electric|
|$41,450 ($33,950)||US & Europe|
The Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric (now called the B250e) is an extremely close competitor to the BMW i3, and is a first-offering from Mercedes in this department. It has a Tesla drivetrain at its core, and reviewers have been split between it and the BMW i3, with some preferring the i3 and some preferring the B-Class Electric. One of our top EV reporters has the B-Class Electric and reviewed it after 1 month and after 1 year.
|124 MPGe||4 seats|
|81 miles (130 km)||100% electric or REx|
|$42,400 ($34,900)||US & Europe|
The BMW i3 is BMW’s first 100%-electric car built electric from the ground up. It is part of BMW’s “born electric” i series. It’s price puts it somewhat in the middle of the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S. Despite looking a bit bulky, the BMW i3 is the lightest electric car on the market, thanks to its carbon fiber body. It’s a smooth & sweet drive. Compared to BMW’s overall sales, the i3 is selling very well, making it clear that BMW is one of the auto-manufacturing pioneers in the electric vehicle space. Read my first BMW i3 review here, and/or my second review & comparison with the LEAF & Volt here, and/or my comparison with the Tesla Model S here.
|72 MPGe||5 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-In Hybrid|
|$43,700 ($34,900)||US & Europe|
The BMW 330e is another fairly expensive offering from BMW. This one, though, is a plug-in hybrid rather than a fully electric car. It has exciting acceleration at 5.9 seconds to 60 mph, and the luxury and handling you’d expect from a typical BMW of this price. We are yet to get behind the wheel of a 330e. Stay tuned for a review once we do.
|62 MPGe||5 seats|
|200 kilometers (122 miles)||100% electric|
The BYD e6 electric car is on the market globally, but it is only available to fleet buyers in the US, and probably the same in other countries outside of China (where it is manufactured). It was the 2nd-best-selling electric car in China in 2013.
BMW X5 xDrive 40e
|56 MPGe||5 seats|
|14 miles||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$63,095 ($58,427)||US & Europe|
The BMW X5 xDrive 40e is one of the first plug-in SUVs to hit the US market, arriving in early 2016. For an SUV, its 0–60 time of 6.5 seconds is petty awesome. Surely, the X5 also offers luxury and high-tech features that help pull in $55,000–75,000 for the vehicle. It X5 iPerformance also learns your driving habits and teaches you how to drive more efficiently. It can avoid crashes that some drivers would fail to escape from. However, it’s no Model X… which makes it a really tough buy for someone looking in the luxury, high-performance, high-priced SUV category. I haven’t gotten in an X5 iPerformance yet, but I can say with confidence I’d choose a Model X over it. However, even after the tax credits, the Model X is nearly $20,000 more, so I guess that depends on one’s price sensitivity to some degree. (Just note that you can save a lot of money on fuel with the Model X.)
|82 MPGe (battery) & 31 MPG (gas)||4 seats|
|37 miles (60 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
The Cadillac ELR is a high-end, luxury, plug-in hybrid electric car that hit the market at the very end of 2013. In many respects, it is essentially a more luxurious and higher-performance Chevy Volt. It is pretty. Though, its high price was hard to justify compared to other options on the table, so you can now find the car for a price much below its MSRP… as in, cuts of nearly $30,000. You can read my review of the ELR here, and my comparison of the ELR, Model S 70D, Model S P85D, BMW i8, BMW i3, and Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid here.
Volvo XC90 T8
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$69,100 ($64,500)||US & Europe|
The Volvo XC90 T8 is yet another plug-in hybrid electric SUV that hit the US market in 2016. With a bit more seating space and a quicker 0–60 time, the XC90 T8 also costs a bit more than the BMW X5 iPerformance. It looks like a beautiful luxurious SUV on the inside and the outside, but yet again, if the money is available, I can’t see choosing this over a Tesla Model X. However, if Volvo wants to give me one for a week to test out, I can see if my opinion changes. 🙂
Tesla Model S
|95 MPGe||5 seats|
|208 miles (335 km) | 253 (407) | 265 (426) | 270 (435)||100% awesome|
The Tesla Model S is widely regarded as not just the best electric car on the market, but the best car of any type on the mass market (see here, here, here, here, and here for just a few examples). So, for many people, if they can afford a $75,000–$120,000 car, the Model S is as good as it gets.
This car has flipped the electric car and overall auto world on its head in many respects. It is a top-selling luxury/performance car, and it was the 2nd- or 3rd-best-selling electric car worldwide in 2013, despite its high price tag. All the while, it was production-limited rather than demand-limited.
Tesla Model X
|89–93 MPGe||5–7 seats|
|237–257 miles (381–414 km)||100% awesome|
Tesla’s 3rd model is the ridiculously cool and highly desired Model X, a crossover/SUV with similar performance and specs as the Model S. As Elon Musk has said, the choice between the Model X and Model S is really just whether or not you want an SUV/crossover or a sedan. The Model X is special for combining excellent performance, great utility, and hot styling. Not many vehicles can do that. Its signature feature? Its falcon-wing doors. I honestly think this is the best passenger vehicle on the planet. You can read my review of the Model X here and Kyle Field’s review of the Model X here.
Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid
|47 MPGe||5 seats|
|14 miles (23 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$78,700 ($73,364)||US & Europe|
Following the successful Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid (see below), Porsche launched the Cayenne S E-Hybrid at the end of 2014. The Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid can go from 0 to 60 mph in just 5.4 seconds, and has a top speed of 151 mph. I think “wicked” is the word for that.
Volvo V60 PHEV
|31 miles (50 km) — European (warped) testing||Plug-in Hybrid|
|€63,995 (Netherlands) / £40,558 (or £48,670 after VAT) / 617,300 NOK / 446,004 DKK||Europe|
The Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid is a diesel hybrid that has excited many an EV journalist and blogger. It’s a sweet plug-in hybrid with class and comfort. But, really, it’s more than that. From the British brochure for the Volvo V60 PHEV: “The Volvo V60 D6 AWD Plug-in Hybrid is like nothing you’ve ever experienced. It’s the world’s first and only luxury diesel hybrid that also runs on pure electricity. It’s a car born from Volvo’s vision of a sustainable future and increasingly efficient cars. And it’s a dream realised – a pioneering, engineering revolution that gives you three different ways to drive in one extraordinary car.” The car can go from 0–60 mph in under 6 seconds. No Model S, but not bad for a practical and luxury vehicle.
Of course, it also comes with a hefty price in the European countries where it’s available. The prices vary a lot from country to country, so I’ve included prices for several different countries above. Despite its high price, the Volvo V60 was the 4th-best-selling electric car in Europe in 2013, and the 6th-best-selling electric car in the world.
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid
|50 MPGe||4 seats|
|22 miles (35 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$93,200 ($88,428)||US & Europe|
The Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid is a plug-in hybrid electric sports car that is everything you’d expect — awesome. It can go from 0 to 60 miles per hour in ~5 seconds. The Panamera S E-Hybrid now accounts for nearly 10% of all Panamera sales. It’s a ton of fun to drive, but still a bit hard to justify for the price with other high-performance EVs on the market. The place where it has them beat is in luxury. You can read my review of the Panamera S E-Hybrid here and my comparison of the Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Tesla Model S 70D, Tesla Model S P85D, BMW i8, BMW i3, and Cadillac ELR here.
|58 MPGe||5 seats|
|14 miles (35 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$95,650 ($91,607)||US & Europe|
Oh, what was that — the above prices weren’t high enough for you? Well, I’m yet to set foot in a Mercedes-Benz S550e, but I’m guessing it has a bit of luxury and snaz, because the price is way up there. Despite being a luxury sedan, it still has great acceleration, getting to 60 mph in 5.2 seconds. We haven’t yet reviewed this model, so I think Mercedes shuold drop one off at more doorstep sometime.
|76 MPGe||4 seats|
|15 miles (24 km)||Plug-in Hybrid|
|$135,700 ($131,907)||US & Europe|
The BMW i8 is BMW’s second i-series car. It’s one of the most expensive cars on the market — actually, the most expensive on the mass market today. It comes with a ton of style and great acceleration (0 to 60 mph in 4.4 seconds only trails the Tesla Model S P85D’s 3.2 seconds amongst electric cars). It’s hard not to covet this beauty. While it has amazing power and is a lot of fun to drive, it is again hard to justify such a high price with other high-performance cars like the Model S much cheaper, but if you’re chasing style, this may well be top dog. You can read my review of the BMW i8 here and my comparison of the BMW i8, BMW i3, Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid, Tesla Model S 70D, Tesla Model S P85D, and Cadillac ELR here.
The Rimac Concept_One is no everyman’s car. It is an electric supercar out of Croatia that costs a fortune… as in, $1 million. Needless to say, most of us will be lucky to even see one of these, let alone touch one, let alone ride in one, let alone own one. Still, it’s a beauty worth mentioning, and I’m hopeful it will get produced in 2015. As of now, 88 initial cars are planned for production in 2015. The Rimac Concept_One can reportedly go from 0 to 60 mph in 2.8 seconds, and has a horsepower of 1,088. Yep, that’s a “supercar.” Rimac Automobili is a Croatian company, and it recently landed a good bit more investment in order to produce the initial 88 cars.
For a bunch of videos on many of these EVs, check out: 28 Electrified Vehicles, 47 Electrified Vehicle Videos (Commercials, Reviews, Etc.)
For monthly and yearly sales reports by country, see: EV Obsession sales reports.
See something missing here? Drop us a note.
Update [December 31, 2014]: Since this article still gets a lot of traffic, rather than create an entirely new article for 2015, I’m simply changing this 2014 list to a 2015 list. Also, as I have done in the past year, I will update the info here when new cars or data arrive. In case it is helpful to anyone, I will also start putting updates on the bottom of this page to note when and where I made changes. Thanks to everyone who has helped to make this page as useful as it is, and thanks to everyone who does so in the future!
Update [May 31, 2015]: Several prices have been updated to reflect changes made by the manufacturers.
Update [February 3, 2016]: Several prices have been added or changed, new cars have been put on the list, and no-longer-available cars have been deleted.
Update [May 15, 2016]: Several prices have been added or changed, new cars have been put on the list, descriptions have been updated (with links to several reviews added), pictures and videos have been updated, and no-longer-available cars have been deleted.